Harlands Primary School

HISTORY AND Geography 

Principles for History and Geography learning at Harlands

In History children are exposed to a range of experiences stretching across the curriculum.  These include organising a Greek banquet; mummifying ‘bodies’; and experiencing air raids.

In Geography children have stimulating field trips, learn orienteering and map reading and get to understand about what our world is like. 


History is taught both discretely and in a cross-curricular approach.  Key Stage 1 and lower Key Stage 2 focus on more recent and local history linked to our topics.  These include transport and the Great Fire of London.  Key Stage 2 explore ancient civilisation (including Egyptians, Romans, Greeks, and The Stone Age) through to The Middle Ages and modern 20th Century History.

In Geography children start small, learning about our local environment.  They then learn about the British Isles, before moving on to explore Europe and other continents.  Children discover different locations, climates and exciting habitats.  Geography learning often follows a cross-curricular approach is often allied to Science learning.  Topics covered include ‘Out and About’, ‘Fire and Ice’ and ‘Recycling and Sustainability’. 

Skills Development and Assessment

In History during Key Stage 1 children are taught:

  • to identify significant changes within and beyond living memory
  • aspects of the lives and work of notable individuals
  • about significant historical events and where appropriate, to compare these to our locality

In History during Key Stage 2 children are taught:

  • important changes in Britain from the Stone Age until today
  • significant events, individuals and ancient civilisations
  • to study an element of local history

In Geography during Key Stage 1 children are taught to:

  • familiarise themselves with their locality
  • read and draw simple maps, using atlases, aerial photographs, globes and the internet
  • identify and compare climates of various locations in the world
  • understand similarities and differences of human and physical geography around the world
  • use simple compass directions

In Geography during Key Stage 2 children are taught to:

  • build on their KS1 knowledge and skills
  • use observation, measuring and recording skills in fieldwork
  • learn how to present plans and graphs using digital technologies
  • explore the effects of humans on the environment and how we can individually or globally address these with a positive influence 
  • use eight point compass directions and grid references

Enrichment Opportunities

The children have exciting opportunities with external visits and visitors.  They thrive on being immersed in a way of life from times past.  While exploring Ancient Egypt, for example, the children have the chance to write hieroglyphs, make canopic jars and create soap stone carvings.  Learning is often through drama, role play and dressing up days.

Infant Explorer Days introduce children learn about different countries, continents, cultures and traditions.  Children take a ‘flight’ to exotic destinations, looking at the history of different cultures alongside geographical and linguistic aspects.  Learning experiences include map reading, discovering capital cities, seas, rivers and mountains, as well as tasting new foods, learning dances and creating art work.

Outside learning of History and Geography  learning have included visits to:

  • Haywards Heath (local history enquiry)
  • Seven Sisters Country Park
  • British Wildlife Centre
  • Ashdown Forest
  • Fishbourne Roman Palace
  • Natural History Museum
  • Isle of Wight (residential)

Useful resources to support History and Geography Learning

Google Earth - https://earth.google.com/web/

BBC History learning - http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/websites/4_11/site/geography.shtml

Natural History Museum - http://www.nhm.ac.uk/schools.html